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Travel and tourism have helped to ensure that this industry remains afloat despite the tough economic times that have made it impossible for many sectors to survive. The history of hotels is intimately connected to that of civilizations and runs hand in hand with prevailing architectural design of that era.
Or rather, it is a part of that history of man and dwellings. Facilities offering guests hospitality have been in evidence since early biblical times. The Greeks developed thermal baths in villages designed for rest and recuperation. Later still, caravanserais appeared, providing a resting place for caravans along Middle Eastern routes. In the middle ages, monasteries and abbeys were the first establishments to offer refuge to travelers on a regular basis.
Religious orders built inns, hospices and hospitals to cater for those on the move. Its modern history can be traced back by the end of s in the Colonial Period. However, the hotel industry as seen today in its modern concept took place in the s and 60s. The advent of new ways of transportations, hotels and resorts outside of major cities was built in the countryside and began promoting their scenery and other attractions.
The concept of the vacation was developed and available to more and more of the population. As from that period a flow of famous hotels flooded in America and the rest of the world with prominent brand such as Radisson, Marriot, Hilton and more others. Growth of Hotel Industry Worldwide The rise in levels of income and standard of living also coupled with an increase in leisure time has been especially beneficial to the tourism industry.
The advent of technological progress, particularly through higher capacity cruise ships and aircrafts, computerized reservation systems; better road transport facilities have played key roles in the global growth of hotel industry. Moreover, improved productivity has been encouraging to the industry by aiding to reduce costs and making travel and tourism products more accessible and affordable.
As competition in the industry increased worldwide, so did the struggle to enhance the design of exteriors and interiors and improve the quality of services. All as a part of new strategies in marketing and promotion.
New customer needs and attitudes have also driven the growth of specific segments, for instance new tourism concept such as medical tourism and ecotourism and increased level of economic activity has led to an upsurge in business travel and international movement of people due to trade, commerce and leisure.
In fact, developments of hotels design and architecture keep progressing and can never stop. The upward graph. We refer to the accommodation and food and beverage services sectors together as the hospitality industry. This paper explores the accommodation sector, Types of hotels Historically, the development of lodging areas and facilities was sometimes driven by their physical locations, such as at river crossings, at major trading posts or in locations lending themselves to defense, such as forts or castles.
Property location continues to be a key consideration in hotel design in contemporary times. Numerous types of hotel designs exist in the world. Examples of hotel designs include guest palaces across Asia, English country inns, hotel-casino resorts, designer and art hotels, hotel-spa resorts, boutique hotels, "no-frills" hotels that offer very basic amenities at budget rates, basic rooming houses, monasteries offering refuge and spare bedrooms rented out in ordinary homes also capsule hotels, which are offered in Japan as an option for those who just need the basic necessities during their stay.
Professional design Specialist architects and designers, interior designers, environmental and structural engineers, all contribute to make contemporary hotel design a success, sophisticated and functional. Hotel design can involve the refurbishment of an existing building already used for lodging, the conversion of a building previously used for another purpose or the construction of new buildings. In general, five-star properties have public areas that are heavily design oriented, with the functional aspects carefully integrated to enhance, yet not dominate the space.
However, budget properties tend to favor function and layout over design, for maximum utility. Regardless of how the spaces are configured, the developer must consider and balance many conflicting needs before a design is ready for the contractor's hand. The best examples provide properties that inspire; are safe, efficient, and cost effective; and that maintain their utility and charm through time.
Estimated client needs for the facility and combining it the designers' vision. Since hotel buildings serve various functions, including restaurants, outdoor facilities and swimming pools, fitness centers and spas, hotel design involves effectively integrating these various aspects of hotel operations within a location to minimize interference with one another. Hotel design includes considerations to avoid guests being inundated with excessive noise and the movement of people.
And therefore Hotels are usually designed from the inside-out to ensure the practical functionality and relationship of its parts. Cultural influences Hotel designers bring to their work their own cultural mores and need to understand the culture in which the hotel will operate if working outside their native environment. Some hotels base their operations with a theme of vernacular local traditional styles, while others have modernist stylistic designs.
Hotel design ranges from basic variables, such as the appropriate height for bed head light switches to the more specialized, such as the right layout for a kitchen or the sightlines from reception areas to enable control and protection of entry to rooms.
The pace of change in hotel design has, as in most areas of modern life, increased with the development of innovative technology. Despite cultural variations, hotels commonly function to provide a welcome environment that supports the comfort of its guests for work, rest and relaxation. Remodeling or renovation deals with the refurbishing interior of the hotel like furniture, maintenance, and layout. The exterior of the hotel could need regular updates for roofing etc.
Each year the amount of money put in the update is increasing. The furniture in the hotel every few years needs to be replaced. New areas to hotel like weight rooms, arcades or business rooms with computers are added to hotels as part of remodels. Maintenance updates throughout the hotel occur every 15—25 years.
Hotels have been converting to be more eco-friendly. During such remodels and renovations sections of the hotel are blocked off while they work on that current part, then move on to the next section and continue this until all the work is finished. This way the hotel can stay open while remodeling. The vernacular exteriors were often indistinguishable as a public house from its neighboring buildings. In short, these early accommodations were not purpose built for their function.
Several earlier projects had been proposed and partially constructed but were never completed. The overall goal was to vastly improve the condition of what its predecessors had to offer. However, the emerging industry quickly came to a realization that people of different social classes would occupy these public spaces and as such, hotel architecture began to evolve to have multiple parlors, meeting halls, ballrooms, coffee rooms and bars for compartmentalized public sociability.
This in turn, led to the creation of a second generation of hotels that aimed to serve the middle class and the common man. The gradual changes to hotel design can be observed in the evolution of its floor plans. As mentioned earlier, the very early public houses were shared spaces within a family home. Public houses then moved from the basic bungalow type houses to multi-stories family dwellings.
It was economically viable since the family who lived there worked to serve their guests. The next development of these household buildings led to a total reconfiguration in its design. Bedrooms were placed side-by- side in the upper floor with much larger parlors, kitchen and dining rooms at the ground level to better accommodate groups of people at a time.
As demand grew, public houses had to become institutionalized and new architecture had to be invented. In the early nineteenth century, architects experimented with the hotel architecture, discarding what isn't needed and expanding what functioned well. It later led to development of the double loaded corridor system; it was a leap in design that functioned better than opening one room onto another.
Evidently, the design evolution of hotel was driven by cultural shifts and changes to our social behaviors. As mentioned before, in the early days, each room had a very specific function. Then design changes had to be made to accommodate multiple rooms to deliberately separate different people of different social classes.
There is a cultural shift towards a more transparent environment, such as our desire for open concept interiors. The design of public spaces will need to stimulate the minds of those who occupy it. The following architectural design elements define the creation of successful hotel design, this demands the understanding of different important elements by the hotel architect or hotel designer.
This article provides a summary of a process that, while it varies from project to project and the actual 'creative' part is very difficult to describe, nonetheless tends to follow a series of well-established stages. The growth of the design team Whilst historically, Hotel buildings tended to follow set patterns that could be repeated without a great deal of consideration or instruction, as buildings became more complex, so specialist designers emerged, and increasingly, building design has proved too complex for any one individual to undertake alone, other than on very straight-forward projects.
Today a project may sometimes begin with just one designer, but as the design develops and the level of detail increases, so the design team will tend to grow. Increasingly, contributions are also made by contractors and suppliers, and the design team is supported by experts in health and safety cost, programme, planning, sustainability, accessibility so on. Partnering: Designing Hotels is partnering with clients -becoming a part of their development team- to understand their vision, business objectives, and market opportunities.
Successful Hotel designers combine the broad experience and technical depth of a large international firm with the kind of direct, active, personal service usually found only in smaller firms and, to stay with a project from conceptualization to completion and beyond, while a new environment develops and a new community takes shape. Establishing the need The most important question on any project is whether a building is needed at all. Building is an expensive and disruptive undertaking.
The client's needs may be met by different solutions which may be less expensive and less risky. Establishing whether a building is needed, and if so, what sort of building, Many Hotels come up on existing properties such as the great Palace Hotels in India and abroad.
What budget to set and what site to build is a significant piece of work that should not be underestimated or under-resourced. In some cases it can take longer than the design and construction processes, requiring detailed analysis of business needs, staff requirements, client relationships and so on. Even where the question as to whether a building s is needed or not can be easily answered such in a house building project , effort will need to go into clearly articulating the clients project objectives and success criteria, and agreeing any client-set constraints.
Establishing the client's requirements should focus on the functions they need to perform rather than leaping to conclusions by looking at possible solutions. For example, whilst the need to facilitate better communication within a Hotel could be addressed by creating new common spaces where the guests can interact, it might be better achieved by regular Cafeterias Building is not always the right answer, and even if it is, the type of building that best satisfies client's needs might not be the one that initially springs to mind.
Leaping to conclusions results in missed opportunities and stifles innovation see output-based specification for more information. There can also be conflicting needs, and different stakeholders in the project may have different requirements or expectations. In order to run a successful project it is important to address the needs of the projects stakeholders, effectively predicting how the project will affect them and how they can affect the project.
The concept hotel development is often used generically to refer to either hotel property development or hotel business development, even to both simultaneously. However, the two concepts should not be confused, as there is a clear distinction between them. Hotel business expansion could be achieved by means of a wide variety of possibilities, such as organizational mergers, existing hotel property purchases, marketing, hotel facility renovations, hotel extensions and new-builds, marketing, branding and business repositioning.
It must be noted, however, that, when a hotel business is expanded by means of facilities renovation, extensions or new-builds, organizations venture into hotel property development. Typical investigations will include: 1. The output of this work will either be a decision that the scheme does not look do-able, and it should therefore be aborted, or a Business Case that outlines the justification for pursuing the scheme.
Feasibility studies and options appraisals may include diagrams used to assess whether a potential site or building type is possible, but they are not designs. This stage is about identifying the client's requirements, establishing that these requirements are feasible agreeing that the project should proceed in a particular direction.
Depending on the complexity of the project and how experienced the client is, they may need the advice of consultants during this process. A very experienced client, such as a retailer developing a new outlet may have all the expertise they need in-house, whereas a an inexperienced client developing a complex project for the first time may need independent client advisers to help them from the outset and may need progressively to appoint more consultants as it becomes certain that the project will progress.
Designers may be appointed to help assess options for feasibility studies, and to develop the project brief, but no actual design work is involved. This is one of the first steps in the development process. Designing casinos to dominate the competition Bill Friedman. Donate this book to the Internet Archive library. If you own this book, you can mail it to our address below. Want to Read. Check nearby libraries Library. Share this book Facebook. Last edited by Open Library Bot.
December 6, History. An edition of Designing casinos to dominate the competition Written in English — pages. Subjects Architectural design , Casinos , Design and construction , Evaluation , Resort architecture. Designing casinos to dominate the competition: the Friedman international standards of casino design , Institute for the Study of Gambling and Commercial Gaming.
Not in Library. Libraries near you: WorldCat. Designing casinos to dominate the competition First published in Subjects Architectural design , Casinos , Design and construction , Evaluation , Resort architecture. Edition Notes Other Titles Friedman international standards of casino design.
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